Print and online Bible dictionaries, commentaries and encyclopedias published before 1965 are out of date. Please only use Bible Reference resources published after 1965 (post Vatican II).
For students unable to come to the Emmanuel College Library, check your local public library, local churches (Catholic or Protestant), or nearby college libraries for print Bible dictionaries or commentaries.
If you are still unable to locate resources, please visit our Ask a Librarian page for assistance.
Emmanuel College library print reference books are for in-library use only and cannot be checked out.
Reference Books for Background Information
Eerdmans Dictionary of Early Judaism, 2010 REFERENCE BM 176.E34 2010
Exploring the Old Testament, 2002 REFERENCE BS1140.3 .M33 2002