"Predatory journals and publishers are entities that prioritize self-interest at the expense of scholarship and are characterized by false or misleading information, deviation from best editorial and publication practices, a lack of transparency, and/or the use of aggressive and indiscriminate solicitation practices" (Grudniewicz et al., 2019).
Note: This term was originally coined by Jeffrey Beall. (See the Resources for further information.)
Lack of Peer-Review: Predatory publishers often promise rigorous, yet speedy peer-review process even though rigorous peer-review is a time-consuming process. In reality, predatory publishers often publish papers that have not gone through any peer-review process.
The peer-review process: establishes the validity of research; prevents falsified work from being accepted and published; and allows authors to revise and improve papers prior to publication.
Your Work Could Disappear: Unlike legitimate publishers, predatory publishers are not committed to preserving your published work. Papers published in predatory journals could disappear from their website at any time making it difficult to prove that your paper was ever published in said journal when applying for promotion or tenure.
Note: No single checklist determines if a journal or publisher is legitimate or predatory.
This guide is intended to provide information about predatory publishing and is intended as a guide only. Deciding where to publish is solely the responsibility of individual authors.
This guide was adapted from Predatory Publishing, George Washington University.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.